1910 Chicago garment workers' strike.
Chicago garment workers' strike, Sep. 22 1910 - Feb. 18 1911
from the Women Working collection.
1910 Jane Addams' Twenty Years at Hull-House is published.
An excellent guide to studying this work is part of the Teachers' Resources section
of Urban Experience in Chicago: Hull-House and Its Neighborhoods, 1889-1963
(Jane Addams Hull-House Museum).
1910 Madam C.J. Walker sets up a factory and beauty school in Indianapolis.
The Madam C. J. Walker Collection [Indiana Historical Society]
includes digital images of Walker, advertisements, and examples of hairstyles.
Preview A'Lelia Bundles' On Her Own Ground: The Life and Times of Madam C.J. Walker
(Simon and Schuster, 2002). A'Lelia Bundles discusses the life of Madam C. J. Walker in a
Library of Congress Symposium, "Resourceful Women: Researching
and Interpreting American Women's History."
1911 The Triangle Factory Fire, March 25, 1911 [Kheel Center for Labor-Management
Documentation and Archives] The "Sources" section of this site includes documents,
photographs and illustrations, and audio files of oral histories. Preview Dave Von Drehle's
Triangle: The Fire That Changed America (Atlantic Monthly Press, 2003).
1911 Virginia Gildersleeve becomes dean of Barnard College.
Rosalind Rosenberg explores Gildersleeve's long career at Barnard in Virginia Gildersleeve:
Opening the Gates, part of Columbia University's Living Legacies series.
1912 The Bread and Roses Strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts.
Bread and Roses Strike Begins ["Mass Moments," Massachusetts Foundation for the
Humanities] Lawrence Strike of 1912 [Women Working, 1800-1930, Harvard University
Library] provides an overview of the strike, primary sources in digital format,
and links to additional web resources.
1912 Harriet Monroe founds Poetry, the first periodical in the United States devoted
exclusively to verse.The Poetry site includes a slideshow of the December 1936 issue that
included remembrances of Monroe by Ezra Pound, Carl Sandburg, Wallace Stevens,
Marianne Moore, and others. Preview Dear Editor: A History of Poetry in Letters:
The First Fifty Years, 1912-1962 (W. W. Norton, 2002).
This collection includes letters to and from Monroe.
1912 Juliette Gordon Low (1860-1927) founds the Girl Scouts of America.
Women Working, 1800-1930 [Harvard University Library] offers online access to early books
about the Girl Scouts, including Low's How Girls Can Keep Their Country(1917).
A biography of Low appears in the New Georgia Encyclopedia.
1912 Oregon's Equal Suffrage Proclamation
See Feminist Voices & Visions: Proclamation of Woman's Suffrage in Oregon (University of
Oregon Library and the Center for the Study of Women in Society)
1912 U.S. Children's Bureau is formally created.
Kriste Lindenmeyer's presentation [video; 19 min.] on the role of women in formation and
work of the Children's Bureau was part of the Library of Congress Symposium, Resourceful
Women: Researching and Interpreting American Women's History . See also
Lindenmeyer's "A Right to Childhood": The U.S. Children's Bureau and Child Welfare,
1912-1946 (University of Illinois Press, 1997). [H-Women Review] [Find in a Library]
1913 Mary Harris "Mother" Jones is arrested after leading protest of conditions
in West Virginia mines. Mother Jones. This segment is from the Talking History
radio program (note date: 2 September 2002).
1913 White goods workers of New York strike.
Read Rose Schneiderman and the White Goods Workers of New York,
taken from Chapter 2 of Carrie Brown's Rosie's Mom: Forgotten Women Workers of the
First World War (Northeastern University Press, 2002).
1913 The woman suffrage parade in Washington, D.C. draws more than 5000 marchers.
Sheridan Harvey's essay, Marching for the Vote: Remembering the Woman Suffrage Parade
of 1913, is part of the Library of Congress guide, American Women.
1914 Elsie De Wolfe's The House in Good Taste is published.
The House in Good Taste is part of the University of Wisconsin's Digital Library
for the Decorative Arts and Material Culture.
1914 Ludlow Massacre (April 14)
See The Ludlow Massacre: Images from the Western History Collection,
Denver Public Library
1914 Margaret Sanger publishes the first issue of The Woman Rebel.
See Margaret Sanger and The Woman Rebel [Model Editions Partnership].
1914 Nina Allender becomes the official cartoonist for the National Woman's Party.
National Woman's Party Digital Collection [Sewall-Belmont House and Museum]
offers images of more than 130 of Allender's political cartoons. Access note:
select Browse Collection, then select political cartoons under media type.
1915 Edith Bolling Galt marries President Woodrow Wilson.
View the Booknotes Interview with Phyllis Lee Levin,
author of Edith and Woodrow: The Wilson White House.
1915 The International Congress of Women at The Hague
adopts a plan for continuous mediation with belligerent nations.
How Did Women Activists Promote Peace in Their 1915 Tour of Warring
European Capitals? [Women and Social Movements in the United States]
This site documents the experiences and influence of three American delegates
(Jane Addams, Emily Greene Balch, and Alice Hamilton) during their tour.
1915 The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom is founded.
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection's online exhibit on the history
of the WILPF - includes about 100 photographs.
1916 Suffrage activist Inez Milholland collapses while speaking in Los Angeles,
and dies a month later. Listen to the Talking History interview, Linda Lumsden
on the Life and Times of Inez Milholland [26 August 2004].
1916 Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first American woman
elected to the United States Congress. See Jeannette Rankin: Activist for World Peace,
Women's Rights, and Democratic Government [Suffragists Oral History Project,
UC Berkeley, Regional Oral History Office].
See Christy Jo Snider's H-Women online review of Norma Smith's Jeannette Rankin:
America's Conscience (Montana Historical Society Press, 2002).
1916 Keating-Owen Child Labor Act of 1916 [100 Milestone Documents]
The National Woman's Party is founded.
Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party [Library of
Congress] documents the wide range of tactics that the NWP used in its push for ratification
of the 19th Amendment.
1917 Callie House, the driving force behind the Ex-Slave Mutual Relief,
Bounty and Pension Association, begins serving a one-year sentence
in the Missouri State Prison in Jefferson City.
Watch Mary Frances Berry's lecture, Callie House: My Face is Black is True.
1917 Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman are sentenced to two years in prison
for conspiracy to obstruct the draft. The Emma Goldman Papers site includes
the text of Goldman's speeches against conscription.
1917 Georgia O'Keeffe's first one-person show is held at the 291 gallery New York.
The Georgia O'Keeffe Museum includes a biographical profile and a detailed chronology.
The National Gallery of Art's Radio Programs offers a brief interview (3 min., 31 sec.) with
Barbara Buhler Lynes, co-curator of the O'Keeffe on Paper exhibition.
The Timeline of Art History has an overview of O'Keeffe's life and examples of her work.
1917 Segment 2: From the Archives: "Ernestine Hara Kettler Recalling
Her Imprisonment after the National Woman's Party March on Washington of 1917
(Recorded 1-29-1973)." [online]. Talking History, August 26, 2004. Available from:
1917 The United States enters World War I.
Carrie Brown offers excerpts from her book, Rosie's Mom: Forgotten Women Workers of
the First World War. Several digital collections are cited in the World War I
section of American Women's History: A Research Guide.
1918 "I Remember When: What Became of the Influenza Pandemic of 1918."
(The Influenza Epidemic of 1918 in Philadelphia) [online]. Talking History, 24 March 2005.
Available from: http://www.albany.edu/talkinghistory/arch2005jan-june.html.
Originally broadcast on WUHY-FM in Philadelphia on 18 January 1983.
Several women and men recall the epidemic in this segment.
1919 Julia Morgan begins work on the Hearst Castle.
Guide to the Julia Morgan Architectural Drawings, 1907-1929 includes over 30 digital images
of drawings for the Hearst Castle and other projects.
1919 Mary Pickford, D. W. Griffith, Douglas Fairbanks, and Charlie Chaplin
form United Artists to produce and distribute their own films.
Preview Eileen Whitfield's Pickford: The Woman Who Made Hollywood
(University Press of Kentucky, 2007)
|American Women Through Time